Berlengas is a small archipelago located 5.5 nautical miles (about 10.5 km) off Peniche, and is composed by the Berlenga Island and associated reefs, in addition to the Islets Farilhões-Forcadas and Estelas. Berlengas has an ecological heritage with high conservation value, both in terms of its insular ecosystem that encompasses endemic plants, protected habitats and the breeding grounds of endangered seabirds, as well as the surrounding vulnerable marine ecosystem, one of the richest across the Portuguese coastal waters. The complex geomorphology of the archipelago is also unique. The human occupancy of the archipelago over time has shaped the islands in many ways.
The project LIFE Berlengas will contribute to the sustainable management of the Berlengas Special Protection Area (SPA), aiming the conservation of its habitats, seabird populations and endemic plants. To achieve this, the focus will be on developing strategies to minimize or remove the main threats to the natural values of Berlengas, both on land and at sea. At the same time the project will promote the sustainable use of the Berlengas SPA, focusing on three key activities: fishing, recreational activities and tourism. A framework to prepare and approve an effective management plan for the Berlengas SPA will be implemented.
The main objectives of the LIFE Berlengas are:
- Preserving the endemic plants through the control and eradication of invasive alien plants
- Protection of seabird populations, identification of their foraging areas and minimize potential interactions with boats and fishing gears
- Conservation of indigenous plants and seabird populations through the Yellow-legged gull population control and by the removal of introduced mammals
- Engage withall the stakeholders to establish sustainable practices for the Special Protection Area (SPA) management
- Inform and raise public awareness for the importance of a proper sustainable management of the Berlengas archipelago to preserve its natural and cultural values